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E-Way Bills Complete Guide: Everything You Need to Know

20/6/2024, 4:30:05 pm , Writen by Tasmiya Naaz


In the ever-evolving landscape of logistics and supply chain management, the e-way bill has emerged as a game-changer, revolutionizing the way goods are transported across India. This digital initiative, introduced under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime, aims to simplify the intricate web of tax compliance while simultaneously enhancing transparency and efficiency in the movement of goods. Let's delve into the intricacies of this transformative system and unravel its multifaceted benefits.

What is an E-Way Bill?

An e-way bill is an electronic document that serves as a permit for the transportation of goods worth more than ₹50,000 within or across state borders. It is a key component of the GST regime, designed to ensure seamless tracking of goods and prevent tax evasion. The e-way bill system operates on a centralized portal,, which acts as a hub for the generation, management, and verification of these digital permits.

Contents of an E-Way Bill

The e-way bill encompasses a wealth of information, including:

  • Details of the consignor (supplier or seller) and consignee (recipient or buyer)
  • Description of the goods being transported, including their Harmonized System of Nomenclature (HSN) code
  • Mode of transportation (road, rail, air, or ship)
  • Vehicle registration number (in case of road transportation)
  • Document reference numbers (such as invoice, delivery challan, or bill of supply)
  • Distance and expected duration of the transportation journey

This comprehensive set of data not only facilitates seamless tracking but also aids in verifying the legitimacy of the consignment and ensuring tax compliance.

When is an E-Way Bill Generated?

An e-way bill is mandatory for the following scenarios:

  • Inter-state transportation of goods, irrespective of the value
  • Intra-state transportation of goods valued above ₹50,000
  • Transportation of goods for job work or after completion of job work
  • Transportation of handicraft goods

It is essential to note that the e-way bill requirement applies to the transportation of goods, not the sale or purchase itself. Additionally, certain goods and transportation scenarios are exempt from the requirement, which we will discuss later in this article.

Who Should Generate an E-Way Bill?

The responsibility of generating an e-way bill lies with the person causing the movement of goods. This could be:

  • Consignor/Supplier: When goods are transported from the supplier's premises to the recipient's location.
  • Consignee/Recipient: When goods are transported from a third-party location (such as a warehouse) to the recipient's premises.
  • Transporter: In cases where the transportation is arranged by a designated transporter, they are responsible for generating the e-way bill.

It is crucial for businesses to clearly understand their role and responsibilities in the e-way bill generation process to ensure compliance and avoid potential penalties.

Process of Generation of E-Way Bill

The process of generating an e-way bill is relatively straightforward and can be accomplished through various channels, including:

  • Online Portal: The official e-way bill portal e-way bill portal allows for the generation of e-way bills through a user-friendly interface. Users can log in with their GST credentials and provide the necessary details to obtain the e-way bill.
  • CMobile App: The 'eBill-GST' mobile app, available for both Android and iOS devices, offers a convenient way to generate e-way bills on the go. This is particularly useful for transporters and individuals responsible for managing e-way bills during transit.
  • Bulk Generation: For businesses with high volumes of transportation, the facility to generate e-way bills in bulk through APIs or Excel utilities is available. This streamlines the process and ensures efficient management of e-way bills for multiple consignments.
  • ERP Integration: Many Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software solutions, such as Optiwise by Aican, , offer seamless integration with the e-way bill system. This enables businesses to generate e-way bills directly from their software, eliminating the need for manual intervention and ensuring accurate data transfer.

Portals for E-Way Bill Generation

In addition to the official e-way bill portal , there are several other platforms and services that facilitate the generation of e-way bills. Here are some popular options:

1. GST Suvidha Providers (GSPs)

GST Suvidha Providers (GSPs) are third-party service providers authorized by the GST Council to offer various GST-related services, including e-way bill generation. Some popular GSPs include:

These GSPs often integrate e-way bill generation capabilities into their software solutions, providing a seamless experience for businesses.

2. Mobile Applications

Apart from the official 'eBill-GST' mobile app, several third-party mobile applications offer e-way bill generation services. Some popular options include:

These mobile apps provide a convenient way to generate e-way bills on the go, especially for transporters and individuals responsible for managing e-way bills during transit.

Validity of an E-Way Bill

The validity period of an e-way bill varies based on the distance traveled:

  • Less than 100 km: 1 day
  • 100 to 300 km: 3 days
  • 300 to 500 km: 5 days
  • 500 to 1000 km: 10 days
  • More than 1000 km: 20 days

It is crucial to note that the validity period is calculated based on the actual distance covered, not the straight-line distance between the origin and destination. In cases where the transportation journey exceeds the initial validity period, businesses must update or regenerate the e-way bill to ensure compliance.

Benefits of E-Way Bill

The e-way bill system offers numerous advantages, including:

  • Streamlined Logistics: By eliminating unnecessary checkpoints and documentation, the e-way bill facilitates smoother and faster movement of goods across the country, reducing transit times and enhancing supply chain efficiency.
  • Tax Compliance: The system ensures adherence to GST regulations, reducing the risk of tax evasion and promoting a fair business environment. It also helps in curbing the circulation of counterfeit goods and illicit trade practices.
  • Real-time Tracking: With e-way bills, businesses can track the movement of their goods in real-time, enhancing supply chain visibility and enabling better decision-making. This includes monitoring the status of consignments, identifying potential delays, and optimizing logistics operations.
  • Reduced Paperwork: The digital nature of the e-way bill minimizes the need for physical documentation, contributing to a more environmentally friendly and efficient process. It also reduces the risk of errors and discrepancies associated with manual documentation.
  • Data Analytics: The centralized e-way bill system generates a wealth of data that can be leveraged for analytics and insights. This data can help businesses identify bottlenecks, optimize routes, and make informed decisions related to logistics and supply chain management.

Documents to be Carried by the Person in Charge of Transportation

While transporting goods, the person in charge (typically the driver or transporter) must carry the following documents:

  • A copy of the e-way bill or the e-way bill number
  • Tax invoices or delivery challans, as applicable
  • Any other relevant documents, such as a vehicle permit or driver's license

These documents serve as proof of compliance and must be presented to authorized officials during inspections or checks.


Certain goods and transportation scenarios are exempt from the requirement of an e-way bill, including:

  • Transportation of goods within a radius of 20 kilometers from the place of business
  • Transportation of specified goods, such as newspaper, live plant and animal seeds, relief materials for natural calamities, and goods with a value less than ₹50,000
  • Transportation of goods by rail or air
  • 500 to 1000 km: 10 days
  • Transportation of goods for personal or non-commercial use

However, it is essential to note that these exemptions may vary across states, and businesses should consult the relevant authorities or seek professional guidance to ensure compliance with local regulations.

Verification of Documents and Supplies

To ensure compliance and prevent tax evasion, authorized officials (such as GST officers or state tax authorities) may inspect the goods being transported and verify the associated documents, including the e-way bill. During such inspections, transporters and businesses are required to cooperate and provide accurate information.

Failure to produce the necessary documents or discrepancies between the physical consignment and the e-way bill details can lead to penalties and legal consequences.

What are the Penalties Associated with the E-Way Bill?

Failure to comply with the e-way bill regulations can result in penalties, including:

  • Late filing of e-way bill: ₹500 per day, subject to a maximum of ₹5,000
  • Non-filing of e-way bill:100% of the tax payable on the consignment
  • Incorrect or incomplete information in the e-way bill: ₹10,000 or the tax amount payable on the consignment, whichever is higher

Additionally, more severe penalties, including imprisonment, can be imposed in cases of repeated or deliberate non-compliance or tax evasion.

State-wise E-Way Bill Rules and Limits

While the e-way bill system is a nationwide initiative, certain states have implemented additional rules and limits to cater to their specific requirements. Here are some examples:


  • E-way bills are required for the intra-state movement of goods valued above ₹25,000 (lower than the national limit of ₹50,000).
  • Separate e-way bills are required for the movement of goods within the state and for inter-state transportation.


  • E-way bills are mandatory for the intra-state transportation of goods valued above ₹1,00,000 (higher than the national limit of ₹50,000).
  • Specific relaxations are provided for the transportation of certain goods, such as milk and milk products.

Uttar Pradesh

  • E-way bills are required for the intra-state movement of goods valued above ₹75,000.
  • Additional details, such as the GST Identification Number (GSTIN) of the transporter, are required in the e-way bill.

West Bengal

  • E-way bills are mandatory for the intra-state transportation of goods valued above ₹1,00,000 (higher than the national limit of ₹50,000).
  • Specific exemptions are provided for the transportation of certain goods, such as agricultural products and live animals.
  • Carry relevant docuThese are just a few examples, and it is advisable to stay updated on the state-specific regulations to ensure seamless compliance. Businesses operating across multiple states should familiarize themselves with the respective rules and limits to avoid potential penalties and disruptions.

Do's and Don'ts for E-Way Bill

Here are some essential do's and don'ts to keep in mind:


  • Generate an e-way bill before the commencement of transportation
  • Carry relevant documents, such as invoices and delivery challans
  • Update the e-way bill in case of any changes or deviations in the transportation route or details
  • Cooperate with authorized officials during inspections


  • Attempt to transport goods without a valid e-way bill
  • Provide incorrect or incomplete information in the e-way bill
  • Fail to update the e-way bill in case of any changes or deviations

Optiwise Connection and Conclusion

As businesses strive to embrace digital transformation and streamline their operations, solutions like Optiwise by AICAN offer a comprehensive and customizable ERP platform tailored for SMEs. Optiwise not only integrates seamlessly with the e-way bill system but also provides end-to-end production planning capabilities, empowering businesses to track machines, workers, order cycles, and access real-time productivity data.

"From MSMEs to large businesses, everyone has access to affordable, enterprise-grade software that can be deployed within a week. With Optiwise, businesses can benefit from customizations on the go and unlock operational efficiency like never before." - AICAN

In the ever-evolving landscape of logistics and supply chain management, the e-way bill has emerged as a catalyst for transparency, efficiency, and compliance. By embracing this digital initiative and leveraging cutting-edge solutions like Optiwise, businesses can not only navigate the complexities of tax compliance but also unlock unprecedented growth and competitiveness.

To learn more about optimizing your production planning and enhancing operational efficiency, explore the following resources:

  • Production Planning with Optiwise
  • Task Management Solutions
  • Optimize Your Indian MSME with Accurate Conversion Cost Calculations - A Step-by-Step Guide
  • Unlocking Efficiency: Understanding Batch Manufacturing Record and Capacity Requirement Planning

Embrace the future of logistics with e-way billing and Optiwise – your partners in digital transformation and operational excellence.

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